Human Leukocyte Antigen (HLA) is discovered, which leads to the creation of tissue-matching for donors and recipients.
Montreal: Canada’s first successful kidney transplant between people who are not identical twins.
Cape Town, South Africa: First successful heart transplant is performed by Dr. Christiaan Barnard.
Vancouver: BC’s first organ transplant (kidney) performed at Vancouver General Hospital.
London, Ontario: Canada’s first heart-lung transplant is performed at University Hospital.
Winnipeg: First living-related double lung transplant, where two people each donate part of a lung.
The “Halifax Protocol”, a combination of two anti-rejection drugs that dramatically reduces organ rejection, earns international attention.
France: First successful partial face transplant.
Missouri: First baby born from a transplanted ovary (between twin sisters).
Spain: Dr. Paolo Macchiarini performs the first transplant of a human windpipe using a patient’s own stem cells.
Cleveland: First successful transplantation of near total area (80%) of face, (including palate, nose, cheeks, and eyelid).
Spain: First full facial transplant.
Sweden: First successful uterine transplant resulting in live birth.
The Kidney Foundation of Canada: http://www.kidney.ca/page.aspx?pid=645
Watson, C.J.E. and J.H. Dark (2012). “Organ Transplantation: historical perspectives and current practice” in British Journal of Anaesthesia, pp: i29-i42.